Philosophical points of view Here you can find different points of view regarding some philosophical issues. Just click on a word in the picture to go to the related points of view. This way you can confront your points of view with those of old and recent philosophers. I don't provide here the backgrounds that support the different points of view - this page is just designed to trigger your thoughts! So you will only find links on this page to: - the arguments () - the philosophers () - the historical perspective () - more specific philosophical concepts () When you point at a link-icon, a tooltip will show what can be expected, if you would click on that link. action TODO.. brain TODO.. (..) Specific concepts: - dualism   Interesting disputes: - Can computers think?   eventities TODO.. human TODO.. mind TODO.. mind starts as a blank page; only the mind contains general concepts (universalia) (Epictetus) mind: higher knowlege (senses: lower knowledge) (Plato) mind of God contains the universe & eternal truths (Plato > Augustine) mind and body as 'ways of understandig the same reality' (Spinoza) mind and body as inseparable unity, mind as brain-matter (Hobbes) only mind and God as free entities, mind non-material - body material, universalia in the mind (Descartes) innate ideas as nature of the mind (Leibniz) the mind produces ideas (Locke, Berkeley) we only know the ideas, not the mind, no evidence that the mind is the source of our thoughts, continuous flow of changing thoughts, no 'unchanging mind'(Hume) all ideas reside ultimately in God's mind, all reality is God's thoughts (Berkeley) the mind contains certainties beyond sense knowledge, the active mind transforms sense-input to information, using e.g. mind concepts of time, space, motion, cause and effect, noumena are external to the mind (Kant) knowledge of the own mind is not basic (Wittgenstein) we cannot give 'mind-independent chunks of reality' (Rorty) the problem of other minds - do they have thoughts (like I think I have) Specific concepts: - dualism   knowledge TODO.. others TODO.. reality TODO... Reality is one kind of 'stuff'. Very different concepts are used to qualify this one kind of 'stuff'. I give them in alphabetical order: - being - change - elements - energy - godnature   - matter - monads   - numbers   - presence - substance - thoughts - water   Reality is two kinds of 'stuff'. - immaterial vs material - god(s) vs (un-)created universe Reality is three kinds of stuff. - things, feelings, thoughts Reality is a manifold. senses TODO.. thoughts TODO.. Interesting disputes: - Can computers think?   universals TODO..