Qur'an - UK translation Muhammad Muhsin Khan & Muhammad Taqi-ud-Din Al-Hilali
Number of Surats: 114
Total number of Surah-verses: 6240
Maximum number of verses of one Surah: 286 of Surah 2

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Who believe in the Ghaib and perform As-Salāt (Iqāmat-as-Salāt), and spend out of what we have provided for them [i.e. give Zakāt , spend on themselves, their parents, their children, their wives, etc., and also give charity to the poor and also in Allāh's Cause - » Jihād, etc.].
And (remember) when We delivered you from Fir'aun's (Pharaoh) people, who were afflicting you with a horrible torment, » killing your sons and sparing your women, and therein was a mighty trial from your Lord.
And (remember) when We separated the sea for you and saved you and » drowned Fir'aun's (Pharaoh) people while you were looking (at them, when the sea-water covered them).
And (remember) when Mūsa (Moses) said to his people: 'O my people! Verily, you have wronged yourselves by worshipping the calf. So turn in repentance to your Creator and » kill yourselves (the innocent » kill the wrongdoers among you), that will be better for you with your Lord.' Then He accepted your repentance. Truly, He is the One Who accepts repentance, the Most Merciful.
And (remember) when you said, 'O Mūsa (Moses)! We cannot endure one kind of food. So invoke your Lord for us to bring forth for us of what the earth grows, its herbs, its cucumbers, its Fūm (wheat or garlic), its lentils and its onions.' He said, 'Would you exchange that which is better for that which is lower? Go you down to any town and you shall find what you want!' And they were covered with humiliation and misery, and they drew on themselves the Wrath of Allāh. That was because they used to disbelieve the Ayāt (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) of Allāh and » killed the Prophets wrongfully. That was because they disobeyed and used to transgress the bounds (in their disobedience to Allāh, i.e. commit crimes and sins).
And (remember) when you » killed a man and fell into dispute among yourselves as to the crime. But Allāh brought forth that which you were hiding.
After this, it is you who » kill one another and drive out a party of you from their homes, assist (their enemies) against them, in sin and transgression. And if they come to you as captives, you ransom them, although their expulsion was forbidden to you. Then do you believe in a part of the Scripture and reject the rest? Then what is the recompense of those who do so among you, except disgrace in the life of this world, and on the Day of Resurrection they shall be consigned to the most grievous torment. And Allāh is not unaware of what you do.
And indeed, We gave Mūsa (Moses) the Book and followed him up with a succession of Messengers. And We gave 'Iesa (Jesus), the son of Maryam (Mary), clear signs and supported him with Rūh-ul-Qudus [Jibrael (Gabriel)]. Is it that whenever there came to you a Messenger with what you yourselves desired not, you grew arrogant? Some, you disbelieved and some, you » killed.
And when it is said to them (the Jews), 'Believe in what Allāh has sent down,' they say, 'We believe in what was sent down to us.' And they disbelieve in that which came after it, while it is the truth confirming what is with them. Say (O Muhammad Peace be upon him to them): 'Why then have you » killed the Prophets of Allāh aforetime, if you indeed have been believers?'
And say not of those who are » killed in the Way of Allāh, 'They are dead.' Nay, they are living, but you perceive (it) not.
It is not Al-Birr (piety, righteousness, and each and every act of obedience to Allāh, etc.) that you turn your faces towards east and (or) west (in prayers); but Al-Birr is (the quality of) the one who believes in Allāh, the Last Day, the Angels, the Book, the Prophets and gives his wealth, in spite of love for it, to the kinsfolk, to the orphans, and to Al-Masākin (the poor), and to the wayfarer, and to those who ask, and to set slaves free, performs As-Salāt (Iqāmat-as-Salāt), and gives the Zakāt, and who fulfill their covenant when they make it, and who are As-Sābirin (the patient ones, etc.) in extreme poverty and ailment (disease) and at the time of » fighting (during the » battles). Such are the people of the truth and they are Al­Muttaqūn (pious - see V.2:2).
O you who believe! Al-Qisās (the Law of Equality in punishment) is prescribed for you in case of murder: the free for the free, the slave for the slave, and the female for the female. But if the » killer is forgiven by the brother (or the relatives, etc.) of the » killed against blood money, then adhering to it with fairness and payment of the blood money, to the heir should be made in fairness. This is an alleviation and a mercy from your Lord. So after this whoever transgresses the limits (i.e. » kills the killer after taking the blood money), he shall have a painful torment.
And » fight in the Way of Allāh those who » fight you, but transgress not the limits. Truly, Allāh likes not the transgressors. [This Verse is the first one that was revealed in connection with » Jihād, but it was supplemented by another (V.9:36)].
And » kill them wherever you find them, and turn them out from where they have turned you out. And Al-Fitnah is worse than » killing. And » fight not with them at Al-Masjid-al-Harām (the sanctuary at Makkah), unless they (first) » fight you there. But if they » attack you, then » kill them. Such is the recompense of the disbelievers.
And » fight them until there is no more Fitnah (disbelief and worshipping of others along with Allāh) and (all and every kind of) worship is for Allāh (Alone). But if they cease, let there be no transgression except against Az-Zālimūn (the polytheists, and wrong-doers, etc.)
And spend in the Cause of Allāh (i.e. » Jihād of all kinds, etc.) and do not throw yourselves into » destruction (by not spending your wealth in the Cause of Allāh), and do good. Truly, Allāh loves Al-Muhsinūn (the good-doers).
And when he turns away (from you 'O Muhammad '), his effort in the land is to make mischief therein and to » destroy the crops and the cattle, and Allāh likes not mischief.
» Jihād (holy » fighting in Allāh's Cause) is ordained for you (Muslims) though you dislike it, and it may be that you dislike a thing which is good for you and that you like a thing which is bad for you. Allāh knows but you do not know.
They ask you concerning » fighting in the Sacred Months (i.e. 1st, 7th, 2:11th and 12th months of the Islāmic calendar) Say, 'Fighting therein is a great (transgression) but a greater (transgression) with Allāh is to prevent mankind from following the Way of Allāh, to disbelieve in Him, to prevent access to Al-Masjid-al-Harām (at Makkah), and to drive out its inhabitants, and Al-Fitnah is worse than » killing. And they will never cease » fighting you until they turn you back from your religion (Islāmic Monotheism) if they can. And whosoever of you turns back from his religion and dies as a disbeliever, then his deeds will be lost in this life and in the Hereafter, and they will be the dwellers of the Fire. They will abide therein forever.'
And » fight in the Way of Allāh and know that Allāh is All-Hearer, All-Knower.
Have you not thought about the group of the Children of Israel after (the time of) Musā (Moses)? When they said to a Prophet of theirs, 'Appoint for us a king and we will » fight in Allāh's Way.' He said, 'Would you then refrain from » fighting, if » fighting was prescribed for you?' They said, 'Why should we not » fight in Allāh's Way while we have been driven out of our homes and our children (families have been taken as captives)?' But when » fighting was ordered for them, they turned away, all except a few of them. And Allāh is All-Aware of the Zālimūn (polytheists and wrong-doers).
So they routed them by Allāh's Leave and Dawūd (David) » killed Jalūt (Goliath), and Allāh gave him [Dawūd (David)] the kingdom [after the death of Talūt (Saul) and Samuel] and Al­Hikmah (Prophethood), and taught him of that which He willed. And if Allāh did not check one set of people by means of another, the earth would indeed be full of mischief. But Allāh is full of Bounty to the 'Alamīn (mankind, jinns and all that exists).
Those Messengers! We preferred some to others; to some of them Allāh spoke (directly); others He raised to degrees (of honour); and to 'Iesa (Jesus), the son of Maryam (Mary), We gave clear proofs and evidences, and supported him with Rūh-ul-Qudus [Jibrael (Gabriel)]. If Allāh had willed, succeeding generations would not have » fought against each other, after clear Verses of Allāh had come to them, but they differed - some of them believed and others disbelieved. If Allāh had willed, they would not have » fought against one another, but Allāh does what He likes.
Allāh will » destroy Ribā (usury) and will give increase for Sadaqāt (deeds of charity, alms, etc.) And Allāh likes not the disbelievers, sinners.
Like the behaviour of the people of Fir'aun (Pharaoh) and those before them; they belied Our Ayāt (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.), so Allāh seized (» destroyed) them for their sins. And Allāh is Severe in punishment.
There has already been a sign for you (O Jews) in the two armies that met (in combat i.e. the » battle of Badr): One was » fighting in the Cause of Allāh, and as for the other (they) were disbelievers. They (the believers) saw them (the disbelievers) with their own eyes twice their number (although they were thrice their number). And Allāh supports with His Victory whom He pleases. Verily, in this is a lesson for those who understand. (See Verse 8:44). (Tafsir At-Tabarī)
Verily! Those who disbelieve in the Ayāt (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) of Allāh and » kill the Prophets without right, and » kill those men who order just dealings, ... announce to them a painful torment.
And they (disbelievers) plotted [to » kill 'Iesa (Jesus)], and Allāh planned too. And Allāh is the Best of the planners.
They will do you no harm, barring a trifling annoyance; and if they » fight against you, they will show you their backs, and they will not be helped.
Indignity is put over them wherever they may be, except when under a covenant (of protection) from Allāh, and from men; they have drawn on themselves the Wrath of Allāh, and » destruction is put over them. This is because they disbelieved in the Ayāt (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) of Allāh and » killed the Prophets without right. This is because they disobeyed (Allāh) and used to transgress beyond bounds (in Allāh's disobedience, crimes and sins).
The likeness of what they spend in this world is the likeness of a wind which is extremely cold; it struck the harvest of a people who did wrong aginst themselves and » destroyed it, (i.e. the good deed of a person is only accepted if he is a monotheist and believes in all the Prophets of Allāh, including Christ and Muhammad ). Allāh wronged them not, but they wronged themselves.
And (remember) when you (Muhammad ) left your household in the morning to post the believers at their stations for the » battle (of Uhud). And Allāh is All-Hearer, All-Knower.
Many similar ways (and mishaps of life) were faced by nations (believers and disbelievers) that have passed away before you (as you have faced in the » battle of Uhud), so travel through the earth, and see what was the end of those who disbelieved (in the Oneness of Allāh, and disobeyed Him and His Messengers).
If a wound (and » killing) has touched you, be sure a similar wound (and » killing) has touched the others. And so are the days (good and not so good), We give to men by turns, that Allāh may test those who believe, and that He may take martyrs from among you. And Allāh likes not the Zālimūn (polytheists and wrong­doers).
And that Allāh may test (or purify) the believers (from sins) and » destroy the disbelievers.
Do you think that you will enter Paradise before Allāh tests those of you who » fought (in His Cause) and (also) tests those who are As-Sābirin (the patient ones, etc.)?
Muhammad () is no more than a Messenger, and indeed (many) Messengers have passed away before him. If he dies or is » killed, will you then turn back on your heels (as disbelievers)? And he who turns back on his heels, not the least harm will he do to Allāh, and Allāh will give reward to those who are grateful.
And many a Prophet (i.e. many from amongst the Prophets) » fought (in Allāh's Cause) and along with him (» fought) large bands of religious learned men. But they never lost heart for that which did befall them in Allāh's Way, nor did they weaken nor degrade themselves. And Allāh loves As-Sābirin (the patient ones, etc.).
And Allāh did indeed fulfil His Promise to you when you were » killing them (your enemy) with His Permission; until (the moment) you lost your courage and fell to disputing about the order, and disobeyed after He showed you (of the booty) which you love. Among you are some that desire this world and some that desire the Hereafter. Then He made you flee from them (your enemy), that He might test you. But surely, He forgave you, and Allāh is Most Gracious to the believers.
Then after the distress, He sent down security for you. Slumber overtook a party of you, while another party was thinking about themselves (as how to save their ownselves, ignoring the others and the Prophet ) and thought wrongly of Allāh - the thought of ignorance. They said, 'Have we any part in the affair?' Say you (O Muhammad ): 'Indeed the affair belongs wholly to Allāh.' They hide within themselves what they dare not reveal to you, saying: 'If we had anything to do with the affair, none of us would have been » killed here.' Say: 'Even if you had remained in your homes, those for whom death was decreed would certainly have gone forth to the place of their death,' but that Allāh might test what is in your breasts; and to Mahis that which was in your hearts (sins), and Allāh is All­Knower of what is in (your) breasts.
Those of you who turned back on the day the two hosts met (i.e. the » battle of Uhud), it was Shaitān (Satan) who caused them to backslide (run away from the » battlefield) because of some (sins) they had earned. But Allāh, indeed, has forgiven them. Surely, Allāh is Oft­Forgiving, Most Forbearing.
O you who believe! Be not like those who disbelieve (hypocrites) and who say to their brethren when they travel through the earth or go out to » fight: 'If they had stayed with us, they would not have died or been » killed,' so that Allāh may make it a cause of regret in their hearts. It is Allāh that gives life and causes death. And Allāh is All­Seer of what you do.
And if you are » killed or die in the Way of Allāh, forgiveness and mercy from Allāh are far better than all that they amass (of worldly wealths, etc.).
And whether you die, or are » killed, verily, unto Allāh you shall be gathered.
(What is the matter with you?) When a single disaster » smites you, although you smote (your enemies) with one twice as great, you say: 'From where does this come to us?' Say (to them), 'It is from yourselves (because of your evil deeds).' And Allāh has power over all things.
And what you suffered (of the disaster) on the day (of the » battle of Uhud when) the two armies met, was by the leave of Allāh, in order that He might test the believers.
And that He might test the hypocrites, it was said to them: 'Come, » fight in the Way of Allāh or (at least) defend yourselves.' They said: 'Had we known that » fighting will take place, we would certainly have followed you.' They were that day, nearer to disbelief than to Faith, saying with their mouths what was not in their hearts. And Allāh has full knowledge of what they conceal.
(They are) the ones who said about their » killed brethren while they themselves sat (at home): 'If only they had listened to us, they would not have been » killed.' Say: 'Avert death from your ownselves, if you speak the truth.'
Think not of those who are » killed in the Way of Allāh as dead. Nay, they are alive, with their Lord, and they have provision.
Indeed, Allāh has heard the statement of those (Jews) who say: 'Truly, Allāh is poor and we are rich!' We shall record what they have said and their » killing of the Prophets unjustly, and We shall say: 'Taste you the torment of the burning (Fire).'
Those (Jews) who said: 'Verily, Allāh has taken our promise not to believe in any Messenger unless he brings to us an offering which the fire (from heaven) shall devour.' Say: 'Verily, there came to you Messengers before me, with clear signs and even with what you speak of; why then did you » kill them, if you are truthful?'
So their Lord accepted of them (their supplication and answered them), 'Never will I allow to be lost the work of any of you, be he male or female. You are (members) one of another, so those who emigrated and were driven out from their homes, and suffered harm in My Cause, and who » fought, and were » killed (in My Cause), verily, I will remit from them their evil deeds and admit them into Gardens under which rivers flow (in Paradise); a reward from Allāh, and with Allāh is the best of rewards.'
O you who believe! Endure and be more patient (than your enemy), and guard your territory by stationing army units permanently at the places from where the enemy can » attack you, and fear Allāh, so that you may be successful.
O you who believe! Eat not up your property among yourselves unjustly except it be a trade amongst you, by mutual consent. And do not » kill yourselves (nor » kill one another). Surely, Allāh is Most Merciful to you.
And if We had ordered them (saying), 'Kill yourselves (i.e. the innnocent ones » kill the guilty ones) or leave your homes,' very few of them would have done it; but if they had done what they were told, it would have been better for them, and would have strengthened their (Faith);
There is certainly among you he who would linger behind (from » fighting in Allāh's Cause). If a misfortune befalls you, he says, 'Indeed Allāh has favoured me in that I was not present among them.'
Let those (believers) who sell the life of this world for the Hereafter » fight in the Cause of Allāh, and whoso » fights in the Cause of Allāh, and is » killed or gets victory, We shall bestow on him a great reward.
And what is wrong with you that you » fight not in the Cause of Allāh, and for those weak, ill­treated and oppressed among men, women, and children, whose cry is: 'Our Lord! Rescue us from this town whose people are oppressors; and raise for us from You one who will protect, and raise for us from You one who will help.'
Those who believe, » fight in the Cause of Allāh, and those who disbelieve, » fight in the cause of Tāghūt (Satan, etc.). So » fight you against the friends of Shaitān (Satan); Ever feeble indeed is the plot of Shaitān (Satan).
Have you not seen those who were told to hold back their hands (from » fighting) and perform As-Salāt (Iqāmat­as­Salāt), and give Zakāt, but when the » fighting was ordained for them, behold! a section of them fear men as they fear Allāh or even more. They say: 'Our Lord! Why have you ordained for us » fighting? Would that you had granted us respite for a short period?' Say: 'Short is the enjoyment of this world. The Hereafter is (far) better for him who fears Allāh, and you shall not be dealt with unjustly even equal to the Fatilā (a scalish thread in the long slit of a date­stone).
Then » fight (O Muhammad ) in the Cause of Allāh, you are not tasked (held responsible) except for yourself, and incite the believers (to » fight along with you), it may be that Allāh will restrain the evil might of the disbelievers. And Allāh is Stronger in Might and Stronger in punishing.
They wish that you reject Faith, as they have rejected (Faith), and thus that you all become equal (like one another). So take not Auliyā' (protectors or friends) from them, till they emigrate in the Way of Allāh (to Muhammad ). But if they turn back (from Islām), take (hold) of them and » kill them wherever you find them, and take neither Auliyā' (protectors or friends) nor helpers from them.
Except those who join a group, between you and whom there is a treaty (of peace), or those who approach you with their breasts restraining from » fighting you as well as » fighting their own people. Had Allāh willed, indeed He would have given them power over you, and they would have » fought you. So if they withdraw from you, and » fight not against you, and offer you peace, then Allāh has opened no way for you against them.
You will find others that wish to have security from you and security from their people. Every time they are sent back to temptation, they yield thereto. If they withdraw not from you, nor offer you peace, nor restrain their hands, take (hold) of them and » kill them wherever you find them. In their case, We have provided you with a clear warrant against them.
It is not for a believer to » kill a believer except (that it be) by mistake, and whosoever » kills a believer by mistake, (it is ordained that) he must set free a believing slave and a compensation (blood money, i.e Diya) be given to the deceased's family, unless they remit it. If the deceased belonged to a people at war with you and he was a believer; the freeing of a believing slave (is prescribed), and if he belonged to a people with whom you have a treaty of mutual alliance, compensation (blood money - Diya) must be paid to his family, and a believing slave must be freed. And whoso finds this (the penance of freeing a slave) beyond his means, he must fast for two consecutive months in order to seek repentance from Allāh. And Allāh is Ever All­Knowing, All­Wise.
And whoever » kills a believer intentionally, his recompense is Hell to abide therein, and the Wrath and the Curse of Allāh are upon him, and a great punishment is prepared for him.
O you who believe! When you go (to » fight) in the Cause of Allāh, verify (the truth), and say not to anyone who greets you (by embracing Islām): 'You are not a believer'; seeking the perishable goods of the worldly life. There are much more profits and booties with Allāh. Even as he is now, so were you yourselves before till Allāh conferred on you His Favours (i.e. guided you to Islām), therefore, be cautious in discrimination. Allāh is Ever Well­Aware of what you do.
Not equal are those of the believers who sit (at home), except those who are disabled (by injury or are blind or lame, etc.), and those who strive hard and » fight in the Cause of Allāh with their wealth and their lives. Allāh has preferred in grades those who strive hard and » fight with their wealth and their lives above those who sit (at home). Unto each, Allāh has promised good (Paradise), but Allāh has preferred those who strive hard and » fight, above those who sit (at home) by a huge reward;
And when you (Muslims) travel in the land, there is no sin on you if you shorten your Salāt (prayer) if you fear that the disbelievers may » attack you, verily, the disbelievers are ever unto you open enemies.
When you (O Messenger Muhammad ) are among them, and lead them in As-Salāt (the prayer), let one party of them stand up [in Salāt (prayer)] with you taking their arms with them; when they finish their prostrations, let them take their positions in the rear and let the other party come up which has not yet prayed, and let them pray with you taking all the precautions and bearing arms. Those who disbelieve wish, if you were negligent of your arms and your baggage, to » attack you in a single rush, but there is no sin on you if you put away your arms because of the inconvenience of rain or because you are ill, but take every precaution for yourselves. Verily, Allāh has prepared a humiliating torment for the disbelievers.
Because of their breaking the covenant, and of their rejecting the Ayāt (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) of Allāh, and of their » killing the Prophets unjustly, and of their saying: 'Our hearts are wrapped (with coverings, i.e. we do not understand what the Messengers say)' - nay, Allāh has set a seal upon their hearts because of their disbelief, so they believe not but a little.
And because of their saying (in boast), 'We » killed Messiah 'Iesa (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary), the Messenger of Allāh,' - but they » killed him not, nor crucified him, but the resemblance of 'Iesa (Jesus) was put over another man (and they » killed that man), and those who differ therein are full of doubts. They have no (certain) knowledge, they follow nothing but conjecture. For surely; they » killed him not [i.e. 'Iesa (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary) ]:
Forbidden to you (for food) are: Al-Maytatah (the dead animals - cattle-beast not slaughtered), blood, the flesh of swine, and the meat of that which has been slaughtered as a sacrifice for others than Allāh, or has been slaughtered for idols, etc., or on which Allāh's Name has not been mentioned while slaughtering, and that which has been » killed by strangling, or by a violent blow, or by a headlong fall, or by the goring of horns - and that which has been (partly) eaten by a wild animal - unless you are able to slaughter it (before its death) ­ and that which is sacrificed (slaughtered) on An­Nusub (stone altars). (Forbidden) also is to use arrows seeking luck or decision, (all) that is Fisqun (disobedience of Allāh and sin). This day, those who disbelieved have given up all hope of your religion, so fear them not, but fear Me. This day, I have perfected your religion for you, completed My Favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islām as your religion. But as for him who is forced by severe hunger, with no inclination to sin (such can eat these above-mentioned meats), then surely, Allāh is Oft­Forgiving, Most Merciful.
Surely, in disbelief are they who say that Allāh is the Messiah, son of Maryam (Mary) . Say (O Muhammad ): 'Who then has the least power against Allāh, if He were to » destroy the Messiah, son of Maryam (Mary), his mother, and all those who are on the earth together?' And to Allāh belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth, and all that is between them. He creates what He wills. And Allāh is Able to do all things.
They said: 'O Mūsa (Moses)! We shall never enter it as long as they are there. So go you and your Lord and » fight you two, we are sitting right here.'
And (O Muhammad ) recite to them (the Jews) the story of the two sons of Adam [Hābil (Abel) and Qābil (Cain)] in truth; when each offered a sacrifice (to Allāh), it was accepted from the one but not from the other. The latter said to the former: 'I will surely » kill you. ' The former said: 'Verily, Allāh accepts only from those who are Al-Muttaqūn (the pious - see V.2:2).'
'If you do stretch your hand against me to » kill me, I shall never stretch my hand against you to » kill you, for I fear Allāh; the Lord of the 'Alamīn (mankind, jinns, and all that exists).'
Because of that We ordained for the Children of Israel that if anyone » killed a person not in retaliation of murder, or (and) to spread mischief in the land - it would be as if he » killed all mankind, and if anyone saved a life, it would be as if he saved the life of all mankind. And indeed, there came to them Our Messengers with clear proofs, evidences, and signs, even then after that many of them continued to exceed the limits (e.g. by doing oppression unjustly and exceeding beyond the limits set by Allāh by committing the major sins) in the land!.
The recompense of those who wage war against Allāh and His Messenger and do mischief in the land is only that they shall be » killed or crucified or their hands and their feet be cut off on the opposite sides, or be exiled from the land. That is their disgrace in this world, and a great torment is theirs in the Hereafter.
O you who believe! Whoever from among you turns back from his religion (Islām), Allāh will bring a people whom He will love and they will love Him; humble towards the believers, stern towards the disbelievers, » fighting in the Way of Allāh, and never afraid of the blame of the blamers. That is the Grace of Allāh which He bestows on whom He wills. And Allāh is All­Sufficient for His creatures' needs, All­Knower.
Verily, We took the covenant of the Children of Israel and sent them Messengers. Whenever there came to them a Messenger with what they themselves desired not - a group of them they called liars, and others among them they » killed.
O you who believe! Kill not game while you are in a state of Ihrām for Hajj or 'Umrah (pilgrimage), and whosoever of you » kills it intentionally, the penalty is an offering, brought to the Ka'bah, of an eatable animal (i.e. sheep, goat, cow, etc.) equivalent to the one he » killed, as adjudged by two just men among you; or, for expiation, he should feed Masākin (poor persons), or its equivalent in Saum (fasting), that he may taste the heaviness (punishment) of his deed. Allāh has forgiven what is past, but whosoever commits it again, Allāh will take retribution from him. And Allāh is All­Mighty, All-Able of Retribution.
(Remember) when Allāh will say (on the Day of Resurrection). 'O 'Iesa (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary)! Remember My Favour to you and to your mother when I supported you with Rūh­ul­Qudus [Jibrael (Gabriel)] so that you spoke to the people in the cradle and in maturity; and when I taught you writing, Al­Hikmah (the power of understanding), the Taurāt (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel); and when you made out of the clay, as it were, the figure of a bird, by My Permission, and you breathed into it, and it became a bird by My Permission, and you healed those born blind, and the lepers by My Permission, and when you brought forth the dead by My Permission; and when I restrained the Children of Israel from you (when they resolved to » kill you) since you came unto them with clear proofs, and the disbelievers among them said: 'This is nothing but evident magic.' '
Have they not seen how many a generation before them We have » destroyed whom We had established on the earth such as We have not established you? And We poured out on them rain from the sky in abundance, and made the rivers flow under them. Yet We » destroyed them for their sins, and created after them other generations.
Say (O Muhammad ): 'To whom belongs all that is in the heavens and the earth?' Say: 'To Allāh. He has prescribed Mercy for Himself . Indeed He will gather you together on the Day of Resurrection, about which there is no doubt. Those who » destroy themselves will not believe [in Allāh as being the only Ilāh (God), and Muhammad as being one of His Messengers, and in Resurrection, etc.].
Those to whom We have given the Scripture (Jews and Christians) recognize him (i.e. Muhammad as a Messenger of Allāh, and they also know that there is no Ilah (God) but Allāh and Islām is Allāh's Religion), as they recognize their own sons. Those who » destroy themselves will not believe . (Tafsir At-Tabarī)
And they prevent others from him (from following Prophet Muhammad ) and they themselves keep away from him, and (by doing so) they » destroy not but their ownselves, yet they perceive (it) not.
So, when they forgot (the warning) with which they had been reminded, We opened to them the gates of every (pleasant) thing, until in the midst of their enjoyment in that which they were given, all of a sudden, We took them to punishment, and lo! They were plunged into » destruction with deep regrets and sorrows.
Say: 'Tell me, if the punishment of Allāh comes to you suddenly (during the night), or openly (during the day), will any be » destroyed except the Zālimūn (polytheists and wrong-doing people)?'
And leave alone those who take their religion as play and amusement, and are deceived by the life of this world. But remind (them) with it (the Qur'ān) lest a person be given up to » destruction for that which he has earned, when he will find for himself no protector or intercessor besides Allāh, and even if he offers every ransom, it will not be accepted from him. Such are they who are given up to » destruction because of that which they have earned. For them will be a drink of boiling water and a painful torment because they used to disbelieve.
This is because your Lord would not » destroy the (populations of) towns for their wrong­doing (i.e. associating others in worship along with Allāh) while their people were unaware (so the Messengers were sent).
And your Lord is Rich (Free of all wants), full of Mercy, if He will, He can » destroy you, and in your place make whom He will as your successors, as He raised you from the seed of other people.
And so to many of the Mushrikūn (polytheists - see V.2:105) their (Allāh's so­called) 'partners' have made fair-seeming the » killing of their children, in order to lead them to their own » destruction and cause confusion in their religion. And if Allāh had willed they would not have done so. So leave them alone with their fabrications.
Indeed lost are they who have » killed their children, from folly, without knowledge, and have forbidden that which Allāh has provided for them, inventing a lie against Allāh. They have indeed gone astray and were not guided.
Say (O Muhammad ): 'Come, I will recite what your Lord has prohibited you from: Join not anything in worship with Him; be good and dutiful to your parents; » kill not your children because of poverty - We provide sustenance for you and for them; come not near to Al-Fawāhish (shameful sins, illegal sexual intercourse, etc.) whether committed openly or secretly, and » kill not anyone whom Allāh has forbidden, except for a just cause (according to Islāmic law). This He has commanded you that you may understand.
And a great number of towns (their population) We » destroyed (for their crimes). Our torment came upon them (suddenly) by night or while they were sleeping for their afternoon rest.
Await they just for the final fulfillment of the event? On the Day the event is finally fulfilled (i.e. the Day of Resurrection), those who neglected it before will say: 'Verily, the Messengers of our Lord did come with the truth, now are there any intercessors for us that they might intercede on our behalf? Or could we be sent back (to the first life of the world) so that we might do (good) deeds other than those (evil) deeds which we used to do?' Verily, they have lost their ownselves (i.e. » destroyed themselves) and that which they used to fabricate (invoking and worshipping others besides Allāh) has gone away from them.
But they belied him, so We saved him and those along with him in the ship, and We » drowned those who belied Our Ayāt (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.). They were indeed a blind people.
So they » killed the she­camel and insolently defied the Commandment of their Lord, and said: 'O Sālih (Saleh)! Bring about your threats if you are indeed one of the Messengers (of Allāh).'
Then he (Shu'aib) turned from them and said: 'O my people! I have indeed conveyed my Lord's Messages unto you and I have given you good advice. Then how can I sorrow for the disbelieving people's (» destruction).'
The chiefs of Fir'aun's (Pharaoh) people said: 'Will you leave Mūsa (Moses) and his people to spread mischief in the land, and to abandon you and your gods?' He said: 'We will » kill their sons, and let live their women, and we have indeed irresistible power over them.'
They said: 'We (Children of Israel) had suffered troubles before you came to us, and since you have come to us.' He said: 'It may be that your Lord will » destroy your enemy and make you successors on the earth, so that He may see how you act?'
So We took retribution from them. We » drowned them in the sea, because they belied Our Ayāt (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) and were heedless about them.
And We made the people who were considered weak to inherit the eastern parts of the land and the western parts thereof which We have blessed. And the fair Word of your Lord was fulfilled for the Children of Israel, because of their endurance. And We » destroyed completely all the great works and buildings which Fir'aun (Pharaoh) and his people erected.
[Mūsa (Moses) added:] 'Verily, these people will be » destroyed for that which they are engaged in (idols-worship). And all that they are doing is in vain.'
And (remember) when We rescued you from Fir'aun's (Pharaoh) people, who were afflicting you with the worst torment, » killing your sons and letting your women live. And in that was a great trial from your Lord.
And when Mūsa (Moses) returned to his people, angry and grieved, he said: 'What an evil thing is that which you have done (i.e. worshipping the calf) during my absence. Did you hasten and go ahead as regards the matter of your Lord (you left His worship)?' And he threw down the Tablets and seized his brother by (the hair of) his head and dragged him towards him. Hārūn (Aaron) said: 'O son of my mother! Indeed the people judged me weak and were about to » kill me, so make not the enemies rejoice over me, nor put me amongst the people who are Zālimūn (wrong-doers).'
And Mūsa (Moses) chose out of his people seventy (of the best) men for Our appointed time and place of meeting, and when they were seized with a violent earthquake, he said: 'O my Lord, if it had been Your Will, You could have » destroyed them and me before; would You » destroy us for the deeds of the foolish ones among us? It is only Your Trial by which You lead astray whom You will, and keep guided whom You will. You are our Walī (Protector), so forgive us and have Mercy on us, for You are the Best of those who forgive.
And when a community among them said: 'Why do you preach to a people whom Allāh is about to » destroy or to punish with a severe torment?' (The preachers) said: 'In order to be free from guilt before your Lord (Allāh), and perhaps they may fear Allāh.'
Or lest you should say: 'It was only our fathers afortime who took others as partners in worship along with Allāh, and we were (merely their) descendants after them; will You then » destroy us because of the deeds of men who practised Al-Bātil (i.e. polytheism and committing crimes and sins, invoking and worshipping others besides Allāh)?' (Tafsir At-Tabarī).
And (remember) when Allāh promised you (Muslims) one of the two parties (of the enemy i.e. either the army or the caravan) that it should be yours, you wished that the one not armed (the caravan) should be yours, but Allāh willed to justify the truth by His Words and to cut off the roots of the disbelievers (i.e. in the » battle of Badr).
(Remember) when your Lord inspired the angels, 'Verily, I am with you, so keep firm those who have believed. I will cast terror into the hearts of those who have disbelieved, so strike them over the necks, and » smite over all their fingers and toes.'
O you who believe! When you meet those who disbelieve, in a » battle-field, never turn your backs to them.
You » killed them not, but Allāh » killed them. And you (Muhammad ) threw not when you did throw but Allāh threw, that He might test the believers by a fair trial from Him. Verily, Allāh is All-Hearer, All-Knower.
(O disbelievers) if you ask for a judgement, now has the judgement come unto you and if you cease (to do wrong), it will be better for you, and if you return (to the » attack), so shall We return, and your forces will be of no avail to you, however numerous it be, and verily, Allāh is with the believers.
And (remember) when the disbelievers plotted against you (O Muhammad ) to imprison you, or to » kill you, or to get you out (from your home, i.e. Makkah); they were plotting and Allāh too was planning, and Allāh is the Best of the planners.
And » fight them until there is no more Fitnah (disbelief and polytheism: i.e. worshipping others besides Allāh) and the religion (worship) will all be for Allāh Alone [in the whole of the world ]. But if they cease (worshipping others besides Allāh), then certainly, Allāh is All-Seer of what they do.
And know that whatever of war-booty that you may gain, verily one-fifth (1/5th) of it is assigned to Allāh, and to the Messenger, and to the near relatives [of the Messenger (Muhammad )], (and also) the orphans, Al-Masākin (the poor) and the wayfarer, if you have believed in Allāh and in that which We sent down to Our slave (Muhammad ) on the Day of criterion (between right and wrong), the Day when the two forces met (the » battle of Badr) - And Allāh is Able to do all things.
(And remember) when you (the Muslim army) were on the near side of the valley, and they on the farther side, and the caravan on the ground lower than you. Even if you had made a mutual appointment to meet, you would certainly have failed in the appointment, but (you met) that Allāh might accomplish a matter already ordained (in His Knowledge); so that those who were to be » destroyed (for their rejecting the Faith) might be » destroyed after a clear evidence, and those who were to live (i.e. believers) might live after a clear evidence. And surely, Allāh is All-Hearer, All-Knower.
And (remember) when you met (the army of the disbelievers on the Day of the » battle of Badr), He showed them to you as few in your eyes and He made you appear as few in their eyes, so that Allāh might accomplish a matter already ordained (in His Knowledge), and to Allāh return all matters (for decision).
And (remember) when Shaitān (Satan) made their (evil) deeds seem fair to them and said, 'No one of mankind can overcome you this Day (of the » battle of Badr) and verily, I am your neighbour (for each and every help).' But when the two forces came in sight of each other, he ran away and said 'Verily, I have nothing to do with you. Verily! I see what you see not. Verily! I fear Allāh for Allāh is Severe in punishment.'
And if you could see when the angels take away the souls of those who disbelieve (at death), they » smite their faces and their backs, (saying): 'Taste the punishment of the blazing Fire.'
Similar to the behaviour of the people of Fir'aun (Pharaoh), and those before them. They belied the Ayāt (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.), of their Lord, so We » destroyed them for their sins, and We » drowned the people of Fir'aun (Pharaoh) for they were all Zālimūn (polytheists and wrong-doers, etc.).
O Prophet (Muhammad )! Urge the believers to » fight. If there are twenty steadfast persons amongst you, they will overcome two hundred, and if there be a hundred steadfast persons they will overcome a thousand of those who disbelieve, because they (the disbelievers) are people who do not understand.
Verily, those who believed, and emigrated and strove hard and » fought with their property and their lives in the Cause of Allāh as well as those who gave (them) asylum and help, - these are (all) allies to one another. And as to those who believed but did not emigrate (to you O Muhammad ), you owe no duty of protection to them until they emigrate , but if they seek your help in religion, it is your duty to help them except against a people with whom you have a treaty of mutual alliance, and Allāh is the All-Seer of what you do.
And those who disbelieve are allies to one another, (and) if you (Muslims of the whole world collectively) do not do so (i.e. become allies, as one united block with one Khalifah - chief Muslim ruler for the whole Muslim world to make victorious Allāh's Religion of Islāmic Monotheism), there will be Fitnah (wars, » battles, polytheism, etc.) and oppression on earth, and a great mischief and corruption (appearance of polytheism).
And those who believed, and emigrated and strove hard in the Cause of Allāh (Al-» Jihād), as well as those who gave (them) asylum and aid; - these are the believers in truth, for them is forgiveness and Rizqun Karīm (a generous provision i.e. Paradise).
Then when the Sacred Months (the Ist, 7th, 11th, and 12th months of the Islāmic calendar) have passed, then » kill the Mushrikūn (see V.2:105) wherever you find them, and capture them and besiege them, and prepare for them each and every ambush. But if they repent and perform As-Salāt (Iqāmat-as-Salāt), and give Zakāt, then leave their way free. Verily, Allāh is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.
But if they violate their oaths after their covenant, and » attack your religion with disapproval and criticism then » fight (you) the leaders of disbelief (chiefs of Quraish - pagans of Makkah) - for surely their oaths are nothing to them - so that they may stop (evil actions).
Will you not » fight a people who have violated their oaths (pagans of Makkah) and intended to expel the Messenger, while they did » attack you first? Do you fear them? Allāh has more right that you should fear Him, if you are believers.
Fight against them so that Allāh will punish them by your hands and disgrace them and give you victory over them and heal the breasts of a believing people,
Do you think that you shall be left alone while Allāh has not yet tested those among you who have striven hard and » fought and have not taken Walījah [(Batanah - helpers, advisors and consultants from disbelievers, pagans, etc.) giving openly to them their secrets] besides Allāh and His Messenger, and the believers. Allāh is Well-Acquainted with what you do.
Do you consider the providing of drinking water to the pilgrims and the maintenance of Al-Masjid-al-Harām (at Makkah) as equal to the worth of those who believe in Allāh and the Last Day, and strive hard and » fight in the Cause of Allāh? They are not equal before Allāh. And Allāh guides not those people who are the Zālimūn (polytheists and wrong-doers).
Those who believed (in the Oneness of Allāh - Islāmic Monotheism) and emigrated and strove hard and » fought in Allāh's Cause with their wealth and their lives are far higher in degree with Allāh. They are the successful.
Say: If your fathers, your sons, your brothers, your wives, your kindred, the wealth that you have gained, the commerce in which you fear a decline, and the dwellings in which you delight ... are dearer to you than Allāh and His Messenger, and striving hard and » fighting in His Cause , then wait until Allāh brings about His Decision (torment). And Allāh guides not the people who are Al-Fāsiqūn (the rebellious, disobedient to Allāh).
Truly Allāh has given you victory on many » battle fields, and on the Day of Hunain (» battle) when you rejoiced at your great number but it availed you naught and the earth, vast as it is, was straitened for you, then you turned back in flight.
Fight against those who (1) believe not in Allāh, (2) nor in the Last Day, (3) nor forbid that which has been forbidden by Allāh and His Messenger (4) and those who acknowledge not the religion of truth (i.e. Islām) among the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians), until they pay the Jizyah with willing submission, and feel themselves subdued.
Verily, the number of months with Allāh is twelve months (in a year), so was it ordained by Allāh on the Day when He created the heavens and the earth; of them four are Sacred, (i.e. the 1st, the 7th, the 11th and the 12th months of the Islāmic calendar). That is the right religion, so wrong not yourselves therein, and » fight against the Mushrikūn (polytheists, pagans, idolaters, disbelievers in the Oneness of Allāh) collectively , as they » fight against you collectively. But know that Allāh is with those who are Al-Muttaqūn (the pious - see V.2:2).
O you who believe! What is the matter with you, that when you are asked to march forth in the Cause of Allāh (i.e. » Jihād) you cling heavily to the earth? Are you pleased with the life of this world rather than the Hereafter? But little is the enjoyment of the life of this world as compared with the Hereafter.
Had it been a near gain (booty in front of them) and an easy journey, they would have followed you, but the distance (Tabuk expedition) was long for them, and they would swear by Allāh, 'If we only could, we would certainly have come forth with you.' They » destroy their ownselves, and Allāh knows that they are liars.
May Allāh forgive you (O Muhammad ). Why did you grant them leave (for remaining behind, you should have persisted as regards your order to them to proceed on » Jihād), until those who told the truth were seen by you in a clear light, and you had known the liars?
Those who believe in Allāh and the Last Day would not ask your leave to be exempted from » fighting with their properties and their lives, and Allāh is the All-Knower of Al-Muttaqūn (the pious - see V.2:2).
It is only those who believe not in Allāh and the Last Day and whose hearts are in doubt that ask your leave (to be exempted from » Jihād). So in their doubts they waver.
And among them is he who says:'Grant me leave (to be exempted from » Jihād) and put me not into trial.' Surely, they have fallen into trial. And verily, Hell is surrounding the disbelievers.
They swear by Allāh that they are truly of you while they are not of you, but they are a people (hypocrites) who are afraid (that you may » kill them).
As-Sadaqāt (here it means Zakāt) are only for the Fuqarā' (poor), and Al-Masākin (the poor) and those employed to collect (the funds); and for to attract the hearts of those who have been inclined (towards Islām); and to free the captives; and for those in debt; and for Allāh's Cause (i.e. for Mujāhidūn - those » fighting in the holy wars), and for the wayfarer (a traveller who is cut off from everything); a duty imposed by Allāh. And Allāh is All-Knower, All-Wise.
Those who stayed away (from Tabuk expedition) rejoiced in their staying behind the Messenger of Allāh; they hated to strive and » fight with their properties and their lives in the Cause of Allāh, and they said: 'March not forth in the heat.' Say: 'The Fire of Hell is more intense in heat', if only they could understand!
If Allāh brings you back to a party of them (the hypocrites), and they ask your permission to go out (to » fight), say: 'Never shall you go out with me, nor » fight an enemy with me; you agreed to sit inactive on the first occasion, then you sit (now) with those who lag behind.'
And when a Sūrah (chapter from the Qur'ān) is revealed, enjoining them to believe in Allāh and to strive hard and » fight along with His Messenger, the wealthy among them ask your leave to exempt them (from » Jihād) and say, 'Leave us (behind), we would be with those who sit (at home).'
But the Messenger (Muhammad ) and those who believed with him (in Islāmic Monotheism) strove hard and » fought with their wealth and their lives (in Allāh's Cause). Such are they for whom are the good things, and it is they who will be successful.
And those who made excuses from the bedouins came (to you, O Prophet ) asking your permission to exempt them (from the » battle), and those who had lied to Allāh and His Messenger sat at home (without asking the permission for it); a painful torment will seize those of them who disbelieve.
There is no blame on those who are weak or ill or who find no resources to spend [in holy » fighting (» Jihād)], if they are sincere and true (in duty) to Allāh and His Messenger. No ground (of complaint) can there be against the Muhsinūn (good-doers - see the footnote of V.9:120). And Allāh is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.
Nor (is there blame) on those who came to you to be provided with mounts, and when you said: 'I can find no mounts for you,' they turned back, while their eyes overflowing with tears of grief that they could not find anything to spend (for » Jihād).
Verily, Allāh has purchased of the believers their lives and their properties; for the price that theirs shall be the Paradise. They » fight in Allāh's Cause, so they » kill (others) and are » killed. It is a promise in truth which is binding on Him in the Taurāt (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel) and the Qur'ān. And who is truer to his covenant than Allāh? Then rejoice in the bargain which you have concluded. That is the supreme success .
It was not becoming of the people of Al-Madinah and the bedouins of the neighbourhood to remain behind Allāh's Messenger (Muhammad when » fighting in Allāh's Cause) and (it was not becoming of them) to prefer their own lives to his life. That is because they suffer neither thirst nor fatigue, nor hunger in the Cause of Allāh, nor they take any step to raise the anger of disbelievers nor inflict any injury upon an enemy but is written to their credit as a deed of righteousness. Surely, Allāh wastes not the reward of the Muhsinūn
And it is not (proper) for the believers to go out to » fight (» Jihād) all together. Of every troop of them, a party only should go forth, that they (who are left behind) may get instructions in (Islāmic) religion, and that they may warn their people when they return to them, so that they may beware (of evil).
O you who believe! Fight those of the disbelievers who are close to you, and let them find harshness in you, and know that Allāh is with those who are the Al-Muttaqūn (the pious - see V.2:2).
And indeed, We » destroyed generations before you, when they did wrong while their Messengers came to them with clear proofs, but they were not such as to believe! Thus do We requite the people who are Mujrimūn (disbelievers, polytheists, sinners, criminals, etc.).
They denied him, but We delivered him, and those with him in the ship, and We made them generations replacing one after another, while We » drowned those who belied Our Ayāt (proofs, evidences, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.). Then see what was the end of those who were warned.
And Mūsa (Moses) said: 'Our Lord! You have indeed bestowed on Fir'aun (Pharaoh) and his chiefs splendour and wealth in the life of this world, our Lord! That they may lead men astray from Your Path. Our Lord! Destroy their wealth, and harden their hearts, so that they will not believe until they see the painful torment.'
And We took the Children of Israel across the sea, and Fir'aun (Pharaoh) with his hosts followed them in oppression and enmity, till when » drowning overtook him, he said: 'I believe that Lā ilāha illa (Huwa): (none has the right to be worshipped but) He,' in Whom the Children of Israel believe, and I am one of the Muslims (those who submit to Allāh's Will).'
Then do they wait for (anything) save for (» destruction) like the days of the men who passed away before them? Say: 'Wait then, I am (too) with you among those who wait.'
'And construct the ship under Our Eyes and with Our Inspiration, and address Me not on behalf of those who did wrong; they are surely to be » drowned.'
The son replied: 'I will betake myself to a mountain, it will save me from the water.' Nūh (Noah) said: 'This day there is no saviour from the Decree of Allāh except him on whom He has mercy.' And a wave came in between them, so he (the son) was among the » drowned.
And it was said: 'O earth! Swallow up your water, and O sky! Withhold (your rain).' And the water was diminished (made to subside) and the Decree (of Allāh) was fulfilled (i.e. the » destruction of the people of Nūh (Noah). And it (the ship) rested on Mount Judi, and it was said: 'Away with the people who are Zalimūn (polytheists and wrong-doing)!'
But they » killed her. So he said: 'Enjoy yourselves in your homes for three days. This is a promise (i.e. a threat) that will not be belied.'
And his wife was standing (there), and she laughed (either, because the Messengers did not eat their food or for being glad for the » destruction of the people of Lout (Lot). But We gave her glad tidings of Ishāque (Isaac), and after him, of Ya'qūb (Jacob).
As if they had never lived there! So away with Madyan (Midian)! As away with Thamud! (All these nations were » destroyed).
We wronged them not, but they wronged themselves. So their āliha (gods), other than Allāh, whom they invoked, profited them naught when there came the Command of your Lord, nor did they add aught (to their lot) but » destruction.
. And your Lord would never » destroy the towns wrongfully, while their people were right-doers.
'Kill Yūsuf (Joseph) or cast him out to some (other) land, so that the favour of your father may be given to you alone, and after that you will be righteous folk (by intending repentance before committing the sin).'
One from among them said: 'Kill not Yūsuf (Joseph), but if you must do something, throw him down to the bottom of a well, he will be picked up by some caravan of travellers.'
They said: 'Mixed up false dreams and we are not s» killed in the interpretation of dreams.'
And those who disbelieved, said to their Messengers: 'Surely, we shall drive you out of our land, or you shall return to our religion.' So their Lord inspired them: 'Truly, We shall » destroy the Zālimūn (polytheists, disbelievers and wrong-doers.).
But they (the Messengers) sought victory and help [from their Lord (Allāh)], and every obstinate, arrogant dictator (who refuses to believe in the Oneness of Allāh) was brought to a complete loss and » destruction.
Have you not seen those who have changed the Blessings of Allāh into disbelief (by denying Prophet Muhammad and his Message of Islām), and caused their people to dwell in the house of » destruction?
Indeed, they planned their plot, and their plot was with Allāh, though their plot was a great (one, still) it would never be able to remove the mountains (real mountains or the Islāmic law) from their places (as it is of no importance) [Tafsir Ibn Kathir, Vol. 2, Page 597]. [It is said by some interpreters regarding this Verse that the Quraish pagans plotted against Prophet Muhammad to » kill him but they failed and were unable to carry out their plot which they plotted].
And never did We » destroy a township but there was a known decree for it.
'(All) except the family of Lout (Lot). Them all we are surely going to save (from » destruction).
'Except his wife, of whom We have decreed that she shall be of those who remain behind (i.e. she will be » destroyed).'
'And we have brought to you the truth (the news of the » destruction of your nation) and certainly, we tell the truth.
And We created not the heavens and the earth and all that is between them except with truth, and the Hour is surely coming, so overlook (O Muhammad ), their faults with gracious forgiveness. [This was before the ordainment of » Jihād holy » fighting in Allāh's Cause].
And upon Allāh is the responsibility to explain the Straight Path (i.e. Islāmic Monotheism for mankind i.e. to show them legal and illegal, good and evil things, etc. so, whosoever accepts the guidance, it will be for his own benefit and whosoever goes astray, it will be for his own » destruction), but there are ways that turn aside (such as Paganism, Judaism, Christianity, etc.). And had He willed, He would have guided you all (mankind).
Verily, Allāh enjoins Al-Adl (i.e. justice and worshipping none but Allāh Alone - Islāmic Monotheism) and Al-Ihsān [i.e. to be patient in performing your duties to Allāh, totally for Allāh's sake and in accordance with the Sunnah (legal ways) of the Prophet in a perfect manner], and giving (help) to kith and kin (i.e. all that Allāh has ordered you to give them e.g., wealth, visiting, looking after them, or any other kind of help, etc.): and forbids Al-Fahshā' (i.e all evil deeds, e.g. illegal sexual acts, disobedience of parents, polytheism, to tell lies, to give false witness, to » kill a life without right, etc.), and Al-Munkar (i.e all that is prohibited by Islāmic law: polytheism of every kind, disbelief and every kind of evil deeds, etc.), and Al-Baghy (i.e. all kinds of oppression), He admonishes you, that you may take heed.
Then, verily! Your Lord for those who emigrated after they had been put to trials and thereafter strove hard and » fought (for the Cause of Allāh) and were patient, verily, your Lord afterward is, Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.
(And We said): 'If you do good, you do good for your ownselves, and if you do evil (you do it) against yourselves.' Then, when the second promise came to pass, (We permitted your enemies) to make your faces sorrowful and to enter the mosque (of Jerusalem) as they had entered it before, and to » destroy with utter » destruction all that fell in their hands.
And when We decide to » destroy a town (population), We (first) send a definite order (to obey Allāh and be righteous) to those among them [or We (first) increase in number those of its population] who are given the good things of this life. Then, they transgress therein, and thus the word (of torment) is justified against it (them). Then We » destroy it with complete » destruction.
And how many generations have We » destroyed after Nūh (Noah)! And Sufficient is your Lord as an All-Knower and All-Beholder of the sins of His slaves.
And » kill not your children for fear of poverty. We provide for them and for you. Surely, the » killing of them is a great sin.
And do not » kill anyone which Allāh has forbidden, except for a just cause. And whoever is » killed (intentionally with hostility and oppression and not by mistake), We have given his heir the authority [(to demand Qisās, Law of Equality in punishment or to forgive, or to take Diya (blood money)]. But let him not exceed limits in the matter of taking life (i.e he should not » kill except the » killer only). Verily, he is helped (by the Islāmic law).
And they say: 'When we are bones and fragments (» destroyed), should we really be resurrected (to be) a new creation?'
And there is not a town (population) but We shall » destroy it before the Day of Resurrection, or punish it with a severe torment. That is written in the Book (of our Decrees)
And nothing stops Us from sending the Ayāt (proofs, evidences, signs) but that the people of old denied them. And We sent the she-camel to Thamūd as a clear sign, but they did her wrong. And We sent not the signs except to warn, and to make them afraid (of » destruction).
Or do you feel secure that He will not send you back a second time to sea and send against you a hurricane of wind and » drown you because of your disbelief, then you will not find any avenger therein against Us?
And say: 'Truth (i.e. Islāmic Monotheism or this Qur'ān or » Jihād against polytheists) has come and Bātil (falsehood, i.e. Satan or polytheism, etc.) has vanished. Surely! Bātil is ever bound to vanish.'
[Mūsa (Moses)] said: 'Verily, you know that these signs have been sent down by none but the Lord of the heavens and the earth as clear (evidences i.e. proofs of Allāh's Oneness and His Omnipotence, etc.). And I think you are, indeed, O Fir'aun (Pharaoh) doomed to » destruction (away from all good)!'
So he resolved to turn them out of the land (of Egypt). But We » drowned him and all who were with him.
Perhaps, you, would » kill yourself (O Muhammad ) in grief, over their footsteps (for their turning away from you), because they believe not in this narration (the Qur'ān).
So his fruits were encircled (with ruin). And he remained clapping his hands with sorrow over what he had spent upon it, while it was all » destroyed on its trellises, he could only say: 'Would I had ascribed no partners to my Lord!' [Tafsir Ibn Kathīr]
And (remember) the Day He will say:'Call those (so-called) partners of Mine whom you pretended.' Then they will cry unto them, but they will not answer them, and We shall put Maubiqa (a barrier, or enmity, or » destruction, or a valley in Hell) between them.
And nothing prevents men from believing, now when the guidance (the Qur'ān) has come to them, and from asking Forgiveness of their Lord, except that the ways of the ancients be repeated with them (i.e. their » destruction decreed by Allāh), or the torment be brought to them face to face?
And these towns (population, 'Ad, Thamūd, etc.) We » destroyed when they did wrong. And We appointed a fixed time for their » destruction.
So they both proceeded, till, when they embarked the ship, he (Khidr) scuttled it. Mūsa (Moses) said: 'Have you scuttled it in order to » drown its people? Verily, you have committed a thing 'Imra' (a Munkar - evil, bad, dreadful thing).'
Then they both proceeded, till they met a boy, he (Khidr) » killed him. Mūsa (Moses) said: 'Have you » killed an innocent person who had » killed none? Verily, you have committed a thing 'Nukra' (a great Munkar - prohibited, evil, dreadful thing)!'
And how many a generation (past nations) have We » destroyed before them, who were better in wealth, goods and outward appearance?
And how many a generation before them have We » destroyed! Can you (O Muhammad ) find a single one of them or hear even a whisper of them?
'When your sister went and said: 'Shall I show you one who will nurse him?' So We restored you to your mother, that she might cool her eyes and she should not grieve. Then you did » kill a man, but We saved you from great distress and tried you with a heavy trial. Then you stayed a number of years with the people of Madyan (Midian). Then you came here according to the fixed term which I ordained (for you), O Mūsa (Moses)!
Mūsa (Moses) said to them: 'Woe unto you! Invent not a lie against Allāh, lest He should » destroy you completely by a torment. And surely, he who invents a lie (against Allāh) will fail miserably.'
'And throw that which is in your right hand! It will swallow up that which they have made. That which they have made is only a magician's trick, and the magician will never be successful, no matter whatever amount (of s» kill) he may attain.'
And indeed We inspired Mūsa (Moses) (saying): 'Travel by night with Ibādi (My slaves) and strike a dry path for them in the sea, fearing neither to be overtaken [by Fir'aun (Pharaoh)] nor being afraid (of » drowning in the sea).'
Is it not a guidance for them (to know) how many generations We have » destroyed before them, in whose dwellings they walk? Verily, in this are signs indeed for men of understanding.
And if We had » destroyed them with a torment before this (i.e. Messenger Muhammad and the Qur'ān), they would surely have said: 'Our Lord! If only You had sent us a Messenger, we should certainly have followed Your Ayāt (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.), before we were humiliated and disgraced.'
Not one of the towns (populations), of those which We » destroyed, believed before them (though We sent them signs), will they then believe?
Then We fulfilled to them the promise, and We saved them and those whom We willed, but We » destroyed Al-Musrifūn (i.e. extravagants in oppression, polytheism and in sin).
How many a town (community), that were wrong-doers, have We » destroyed, and raised up after them another people!
Nay, We fling (send down) the truth (this Qur'ān) against the falsehood (disbelief), so it » destroys it, and behold, it (falsehood) is vanished. And woe to you for that (lie) which you ascribe (to Us) (against Allāh by uttering that Allāh has a wife and a son).
'And by Allāh, I shall plot a plan (to » destroy) your idols after you have gone away and turned your backs.'
We helped him against people who denied Our Ayāt (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.). Verily, they were a people given to evil. So We » drowned them all.
And We taught him the making of metal coats of mail (for » battles), to protect you in your » fighting. Are you then grateful?
And a ban is laid on every town (population) which We have » destroyed that they shall not return (to this world again, nor repent to Us).
Permission to » fight is given to those (i.e. believers against disbelievers), who are » fighting them, (and) because they (believers) have been wronged, and surely, Allāh is Able to give them (believers) victory
And many a township have We » destroyed while it was given to wrong-doing, so that it lies in ruins (up to this day), and (many) a deserted well and lofty castles!
Those who emigrated in the Cause of Allāh and after that were » killed or died, surely, Allāh will provide a good provision for them. And verily, it is Allāh Who indeed is the Best of those who make provision.
For every nation We have ordained religious ceremonies [e.g. slaughtering of the beast of cattle during the three days of stay at Mīna (Makkah) during the Hajj (pilgrimage)] which they must follow; so let them (pagans) not dispute with you on the matter (i.e. to eat of the cattle which you slaughter, and not to eat of cattle which Allāh » kills by its natural death), but invite them to your Lord. Verily! You (O Muhammad ) indeed are on the (true) straight guidance. (i.e. the true religion of Islāmic Monotheism).
And when Our Clear Verses are recited to them, you will notice a denial on the faces of the disbelievers! They are nearly ready to » attack with violence those who recite Our Verses to them. Say: 'Shall I tell you of something worse than that? The Fire (of Hell) which Allāh has promised to those who disbelieve, and worst indeed is that destination!'
So We inspired him (saying): 'Construct the ship under Our Eyes and under Our Revelation (guidance). Then, when Our Command comes, and the oven gushes forth water, take on board of each kind two (male and female), and your family, except those thereof against whom the Word has already gone forth. And address Me not in favour of those who have done wrong. Verily, they are to be » drowned.
Verily, in this [what We did as regards » drowning of the people of Nūh (Noah)], there are indeed Ayāt (proofs, evidences, lessons, signs, etc. for men to understand), for sure We are ever putting (men) to the test.
Then We sent Our Messengers in succession, every time there came to a nation their Messenger, they denied him, so We made them follow one another (to » destruction), and We made them as Ahadīth (the true stories for mankind to learn a lesson from them). So away with a people who believe not.
So they denied them both [Mūsa (Moses) and Hārūn (Aaron)] and became of those who were » destroyed.
Until, when We open for them the gate of severe punishment, then lo! They will be plunged into » destruction with deep regrets, sorrows and in despair.
They swear by Allāh their strongest oaths, that if only you would order them, they would leave (their homes for » fighting in Allāh's Cause). Say: 'Swear you not; (this) obedience (of yours) is known (to be false). Verily, Allāh knows well what you do.'
Make not the calling of the Messenger (Muhammad ) among you as your calling of one another. Allāh knows those of you who slip away under shelter (of some excuse without taking the permission to leave, from the Messenger ). And let those who oppose the Messenger's (Muhammad ) commandment (i.e. his Sunnah legal ways, orders, acts of worship, statements, etc.) (among the sects) beware, lest some Fitnah (disbelief, trials, afflictions, earthquakes, » killing, overpowered by a tyrant, etc.) befall them or a painful torment be inflicted on them.
And when they shall be thrown into a narrow place thereof, chained together, they will exclaim therein for » destruction.
Exclaim not today for one » destruction, but exclaim for many » destructions.
And We said: 'Go you both to the people who have denied Our Ayāt (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.).' Then We » destroyed them with utter » destruction.
And Nūh's (Noah) people, when they denied the Messengers We » drowned them, and We made them as a sign for mankind. And We have prepared a painful torment for the Zālimūn (polytheists and wrong-doers, etc).
And those who invoke not any other ilāh (god) along with Allāh, nor » kill such life as Allāh has forbidden, except for just cause, nor commit illegal sexual intercourse and whoever does this shall receive the punishment.
It may be that you (O Muhammad ) are going to » kill yourself with grief, that they do not become believers [in your Risalah (Messengership) and in your Message of Islāmic Monotheism].
'And they have a charge of crime against me, and I fear they will » kill me.'
'And you did your deed, which you did (i.e. the crime of » killing a man). And you are one of the ingrates.'
Then We » drowned the others.
Then We » drowned the rest (disbelievers) thereafter.
So they belied him, and We » destroyed them. Verily! In this is indeed a sign, yet most of them are not believers.
'And you carve houses out of mountains with great s» kill.
But they » killed her, and then they became regretful.
Then afterward We » destroyed the others.
And never did We » destroy a township, but it had its warners
And there were gathered before Sulaimān (Solomon) his hosts of jinns and men, and birds, and they all were set in » battle order (marching forwards).
They said: 'Swear one to another by Allāh that we shall make a secret night » attack on him and his household, and afterwards we will surely say to his near relatives: 'We witnessed not the » destruction of his household, and verily! We are telling the truth.''
Then see how was the end of their plot! Verily! We » destroyed them and their nation, all together.
Verily, Fir'aun (Pharaoh) exalted himself in the land and made its people sects, weakening (oppressing) a group (i.e. Children of Israel) among them, » killing their sons, and letting their females live. Verily, he was of the Mufsidūn (i.e. those who commit great sins and crimes, oppressors, tyrants, etc.).
And the wife of Fir'aun (Pharaoh) said: 'A comfort of the eye for me and for you. Kill him not, perhaps he may be of benefit to us, or we may adopt him as a son.' And they perceive not (the result of that).
And he entered the city at a time of unawareness of its people, and he found there two men » fighting, - one of his party (his religion - from the Children of Israel), and the other of his foes. The man of his (own) party asked him for help against his foe, so Mūsa (Moses) struck him with his fist and » killed him. He said: 'This is of Shaitān's (Satan) doing, verily, he is a plain misleading enemy.'
So he became afraid, looking about in the city (waiting as to what will be the result of his crime of » killing), when behold, the man who had sought his help the day before, called for his help (again). Mūsa (Moses) said to him: 'Verily, you are a plain misleader!'
Then when he decided to seize the man who was an enemy to both of them, the man said: 'O Mūsa (Moses)! Is it your intention to » kill me as you » killed a man yesterday? Your aim is nothing but to become a tyrant in the land, and not to be one of those who do right.'
And there came a man running, from the farthest end of the city. He said: 'O Mūsa (Moses)! Verily, the chiefs are taking counsel together about you, to » kill you, so escape.Truly, I am to you of those who give sincere advice.'
He said: 'My Lord! I have » killed a man among them, and I fear that they will » kill me.
So We seized him and his hosts, and We threw them all into the sea (and » drowned them). So behold (O Muhammad ) what was the end of the Zālimūn [wrong-doers, polytheists and those who disbelieved in the Oneness of their Lord (Allāh), or rejected the advice of His Messenger Mūsa (Moses)].
And We made a curse to follow them in this world, and on the Day of Resurrection, they will be among Al-Maqbuhūn (those who are prevented to receive Allāh's Mercy or any good, despised or » destroyed, etc.).
And indeed We gave Mūsa (Moses), after We had » destroyed the generations of old, the Scripture [the Taurāt (Torah)] as an enlightenment for mankind, and a guidance and a mercy, that they might remember (or receive admonition).
And how many a town (population) have We » destroyed, which were thankless for its means of livelihood (disobeyed Allāh, and His Messengers, by doing evil deeds and crimes) ! And those are their dwellings, which have not been inhabited after them except a little. And verily! We have been the inheritors.
And never will your Lord » destroy the towns (populations) until He sends to their mother town a Messenger reciting to them Our Verses. And never would We » destroy the towns unless the people thereof are Zālimūn (polytheists, wrong-doers, disbelievers in the Oneness of Allāh, oppressors and tyrants).
He said: 'This has been given to me only because of knowledge I possess.' Did he not know that Allāh had » destroyed before him generations, men who were stronger than him in might and greater in the amount (of riches) they had collected. But the Mujrimūn (criminals, disbelievers, polytheists, sinners, etc.) will not be questioned of their sins (because Allāh knows them well, so they will be punished without account).
So nothing was the answer of [Ibrahīm's (Abraham)] people except that they said: 'Kill him or burn him.' Then Allāh saved him from the fire. Verily, in this are indeed signs for a people who believe.
And when Our Messengers came to Ibrāhim (Abraham) with the glad tidings they said: 'Verily, we are going to » destroy the people of this [Lout's (Lot's)] town (i.e. the town of Sodom in Palestine) truly, its people have been Zālimūn [wrong-doers, polytheists and disobedient to Allāh, and have also belied their Messenger Lout (Lot)].'
Ibrāhim (Abraham) said: 'But there is Lout (Lot) in it.' They said:'We know better who is there, we will verily save him [Lout (Lot)] and his family, except his wife, she will be of those who remain behind (i.e. she will be » destroyed along with those who will be » destroyed from her folk).'
And when Our Messengers came to Lout (Lot), he was grieved because of them, and felt straitened on their account. They said: 'Have no fear, and do not grieve! Truly, we shall save you and your family, except your wife, she will be of those who remain behind (i.e. she will be » destroyed along with those who will be » destroyed from her folk).
And 'Ad and Thamūd (people)! And indeed (their » destruction) is clearly apparent to you from their (ruined) dwellings. Shaitān (Satan) made their deeds fair-seeming to them, and turned them away from the (Right) Path, though they were intelligent.
And (We » destroyed also) Qārūn (Korah), Fir'aun (Pharaoh), and Hāmān. And indeed Mūsa (Moses) came to them with clear Ayāt (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.), but they were arrogant in the land, yet they could not outstrip Us (escape Our punishment).
So We punished each (of them) for his sins, of them were some on whom We sent Hāsiban (a violent wind with shower of stones) [as the people of Lout (Lot)], and of them were some who were overtaken by As­Saihah [torment ­ awful cry, etc. (as Thamūd or Shu'aib's people)], and of them were some whom We caused the earth to swallow [as Qārūn (Korah)], and of them were some whom We » drowned [as the people of Nūh (Noah), or Fir'aun (Pharaoh) and his people]. It was not Allāh Who wronged them, but they wronged themselves.
And on the Day when the Hour will be established, the Mujrimūn (disbelievers, sinners, criminals, polytheists, etc.) will be plunged into » destruction with deep regrets, sorrows, and despair.
Is it not a guidance for them, how many generations We have » destroyed before them in whose dwellings they do walk about? Verily, therein indeed are signs. Would they not then listen?
O you who believe! Remember Allāh's Favour to you, when there came against you hosts, and We sent against them a wind and forces that you saw not [i.e. troops of angels during the » battle of Al­Ahzāb (the Confederates)]. And Allāh is Ever All­Seer of what you do.
And when a party of them said: 'O people of Yathrib (Al­Madinah)! There is no stand (possible) for you (against the enemy » attack!) Therefore go back!' And a band of them ask for permission of the Prophet ( ) saying: 'Truly, our homes lie open (to the enemy).' And they lay not open. They but wished to flee.
Say (O Muhammad to these hypocrites who ask your permission to run away from you): 'Flight will not avail you if you flee from death or » killing, and then you will enjoy no more than a little while!'
Allāh already knows those among you who keep back (men) from » fighting in Allāh's Cause, and those who say to their brethren 'Come here towards us,' while they (themselves) come not to the » battle except a little.
Being miserly towards you (as regards help and aid in Allāh's Cause). Then when fear comes, you will see them looking to you, their eyes revolving like (those of) one over whom hovers death, but when the fear departs, they will » smite you with sharp tongues, miserly towards (spending anything in any) good (and only covetous of booty and wealth). Such have not believed. Therefore Allāh makes their deeds fruitless, and that is ever easy for Allāh.
They think that Al­Ahzāb (the Confederates) have not yet withdrawn, and if Al­Ahzāb (the Confederates) should come (again), they would wish they were in the deserts (wandering) among the bedouins, seeking news about you (from a far place); and if they (happen) to be among you, they would not » fight but little.
Among the believers are men who have been true to their covenant with Allāh [i.e. they have gone out for » Jihād (holy » fighting), and showed not their backs to the disbelievers], of them some have fulfilled their obligations (i.e. have been martyred), and some of them are still waiting, but they have never changed [i.e.they never proved treacherous to their covenant which they concluded with Allāh] in the least.
And Allāh drove back those who disbelieved in their rage, they gained no advantage (booty, etc.). Allāh sufficed for the believers in the » fighting (by sending against the disbelievers a severe wind and troops of angels). And Allāh is Ever All­Strong, All­Mighty.
And those of the people of the Scripture who backed them (the disbelievers) Allāh brought them down from their forts and cast terror into their hearts, (so that) a group (of them) you » killed, and a group (of them) you made captives.
Accursed, wherever found, they shall be seized and » killed with a (terrible) slaughter.
Is he, then, to whom the evil of his deeds made fair­seeming, so that he considers it as good (equal to one who is rightly guided)? Verily, Allāh sends astray whom He wills, and guides whom He wills. So » destroy not yourself (O Muhammad ) in sorrow for them. Truly, Allāh is the All­Knower of what they do!
If He will, He could » destroy you and bring about a new creation.
But those who disbelieve, (in the Oneness of Allāh - Islāmic Monotheism) for them will be the Fire of Hell. Neither it will have a complete » killing effect on them so that they die, nor shall its torment be lightened for them. Thus do We requite every disbeliever!
Verily, We give life to the dead, and We record that which they send before (them), and their traces [their footsteps and walking on the earth with their legs to the mosques for the five compulsory congregational prayers, » Jihād (holy » fighting in Allāh's Cause) and all other good and evil they did, and that which they leave behind], and all things We have recorded with numbers (as a record) in a Clear Book.
It was said (to him when the disbelievers » killed him): 'Enter Paradise.' He said: 'Would that my people knew!
It was but one Saihah (shout, etc.) and lo! They (all) were silent (dead-» destroyed).
Do they not see how many of the generations We have » destroyed before them? Verily, they will not return to them.
And if We will, We shall » drown them, and there will be no shout (or helper) for them (to hear their cry for help) nor will they be saved.
And We rescued him and his family from the great distress (i.e. » drowning),
Then We » drowned the other (disbelievers and polytheists, etc.).
And he said: 'Verily, I am sick (with plague. He did this trick to remain in their temple of idols to » destroy them and not to accompany them to the pagan's feast).'
Then We » destroyed the rest [i.e. the towns of Sodom at the place of the Dead Sea (now) in Palestine]. [See the 'Book of History' by Ibn Kathīr].
How many a generation We have » destroyed before them, and they cried out when there was no longer time for escape!
When there were displayed before him, in the afternoon, well trained horses of the highest breed [for » Jihād (holy » fighting in Allāh's Cause)].
Then, when he brought them the Truth from Us, they said: 'Kill the sons of those who believe with him and let their women live', but the plots of disbelievers are nothing but errors!
Fir'aun (Pharaoh) said: 'Leave me to » kill Mūsa (Moses), and let him call his Lord (to stop me from » killing him)! I fear that he may change your religion, or that he may cause mischief to appear in the land!'
And a believing man of Fir'aun's (Pharaoh) family, who hid his faith said: 'Would you » kill a man because he says: My Lord is Allāh, and he has come to you with clear signs (proofs) from your Lord? And if he is a liar, upon him will be (the sin of) his lie; but if he is telling the truth, then some of that (calamity) wherewith he threatens you will befall on you.' Verily, Allāh guides not one who is a Musrif (a polytheist, or a murderer who shed blood without a right, or those who commit great sins, oppressor, transgressor), a liar!
'The ways of the heavens, and I may look upon the Ilāh (God) of Mūsa (Moses) but verily, I think him to be a liar.' Thus it was made fair-seeming, in Fir'aun's (Pharaoh) eyes, the evil of his deeds, and he was hindered from the (Right) Path, and the plot of Fir'aun (Pharaoh) led to nothing but loss and » destruction (for him).
But if they turn away, then say (O Muhammad ): 'I have warned you of a Sā'iqah (a » destructive awful cry, torment, hit, a thunderbolt) like the Sā'iqah which overtook 'Ad and Thamūd (people).'
And as for Thamūd, We showed and made clear to them the Path of Truth (Islāmic Monotheism) through Our Messenger, (i.e. showed them the way of success), but they preferred blindness to guidance, so the Sā'iqah (a » destructive awful cry, torment, hit, a thunderbolt) of disgracing torment seized them, because of what they used to earn.
And that thought of yours which you thought about your Lord, has brought you to » destruction, and you have become (this Day) of those utterly lost!
Verily, those who turn away from Our Ayāt (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc. by » attacking, distorting and denying them), are not hidden from Us. Is he who is cast into the Fire better or he who comes secure on the Day of Resurrection? Do what you will. Verily! He is All-Seer of what you do (this is a severe threat to the disbelievers).
Or He may » destroy them (by » drowning) because of that which their (people) have earned. And He pardons much.
Then We » destroyed men stronger (in power) than these, and the example of the ancients has passed away (before them).
So when they angered Us, We punished them, and » drowned them all.
And if it were Our Will, We would have [» destroyed you (mankind) all, and] made angels to replace you on the earth. [Tafsir At-Tabarī, Vol:25, Page 89].
(The torment) will not be lightened for them, and they will be plunged into » destruction with deep regrets, sorrows and in despair therein.
'And truly, I seek refuge in my Lord and your Lord, lest you stone me (or call me a sorcerer or » kill me).
'And leave the sea as it is (quiet and divided). Verily, They are a host to be » drowned.'
Are they better or the people of Tubba' and those before them? We » destroyed them because they were indeed Mujrimūn (disbelievers, polytheists, sinners, criminals, etc.).
And they say: 'There is nothing but our life of this world, we die and we live and nothing » destroys us except Ad-Dahr (the time). And they have no knowledge of it, they only conjecture.
Destroying everything by the Command of its Lord! So they became such that nothing could be seen except their dwellings! Thus do We recompense the people who are Mujrimūn (polytheists, disbelievers, sinners, etc.)!
And indeed We have » destroyed towns (populations) round about you, and We have (repeatedly) shown (them) the Ayāt (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) in various ways that they might return (to the truth and believe in the Oneness of Allāh - Islāmic Monotheism).
Then why did those whom they had taken for āliha (gods) besides Allāh, as a way of approach (to Allāh) not help them? Nay, but they vanished completely from them (when there came the torment). And that was their lie, and their inventions which they had been inventing (before their » destruction).
Therefore be patient (O Muhammad ) as did the Messengers of strong will and be in no haste about them (disbelievers). On the Day when they will see that (torment) with which they are promised (i.e. threatened, it will be) as if they had not stayed more than an hour in a single day. (O mankind! This Qur'ān is sufficient as) a clear Message (or proclamation to save yourself from » destruction). But shall any be » destroyed except the people who are Al-Fāsiqūn (the rebellious, disobedient to Allāh).
So, when you meet (in » fight » Jihād in Allāh's Cause), those who disbelieve » smite at their necks till when you have » killed and wounded many of them, then bind a bond firmly (on them, i.e. take them as captives). Thereafter (is the time) either for generosity (i.e. free them without ransom), or ransom (according to what benefits Islām), until the war lays down its burden. Thus [you are ordered by Allāh to continue in carrying out » Jihād against the disbelievers till they embrace Islām (i.e. are saved from the punishment in the Hell-fire) or at least come under your protection], but if it had been Allāh's Will, He Himself could certainly have punished them (without you). But (He lets you » fight), in order to test you, some with others. But those who are » killed in the Way of Allāh, He will never let their deeds be lost,
But those who disbelieve (in the Oneness of Allāh Islāmic Monotheism), for them is » destruction, and (Allāh) will make their deeds vain.
Have they not travelled through the earth, and seen what was the end of those before them? Allāh » destroyed them completely and a similar (fate awaits) the disbelievers.
And many a town, stronger than your town (Makkah) (O Muhammad ) which has driven you out We have » destroyed. And there was none to help them.
Those who believe say: 'Why is not a Sūrah (chapter of the Qur'ān) sent down (for us)? But when a decisive Sūrah (explaining and ordering things) is sent down, and » fighting (» Jihād ­ holy » fighting in Allāh's Cause) is mentioned (i.e. ordained) therein, you will see those in whose hearts is a disease (of hypocrisy) looking at you with a look of one fainting to death. But it was better for them (hypocrites, to listen to Allāh and to obey Him).
Obedience (to Allāh) and good words (were better for them). And when the matter (preparation for » Jihād) is resolved on, then if they had been true to Allāh, it would have been better for them.
'Nay, but you thought that the Messenger () and the believers would never return to their families; and that was made fair-seeming in their hearts, and you did think an evil thought and you became a useless people going for » destruction.'
Say (O Muhammad ) to the bedouins who lagged behind: 'You shall be called to » fight against a people given to great warfare, then you shall » fight them, or they shall surrender. Then if you obey, Allāh will give you a fair reward, but if you turn away as you did turn away before, He will punish you with a painful torment.'
And if those who disbelieve » fight against you, they certainly would have turned their backs, then they would have found neither a Walī (protector) nor a helper.
They are the ones who disbelieved (in the Oneness of Allāh Islāmic Monotheism), and hindered you from Al­Masjid­al­Harām (the sacred mosque of Makkah) and the sacrificial animals, detained from reaching their place of sacrifice. Had there not been believing men and believing women whom you did not know, that you may » kill them, and on whose account a sin would have been committed by you without (your) knowledge, that Allāh might bring into His Mercy whom He will, if they (the believers and the disbelievers) should have been apart, We verily had punished those of them who disbelieved, with painful torment.
And if two parties or groups among the believers fall to » fighting, then make peace between them both, but if one of them rebels against the other, then » fight you (all) against the one that which rebels till it complies with the Command of Allāh; then if it complies, then make reconciliation between them justly, and be equitable. Verily! Allāh loves those who are equitable.
And how many a generation We have » destroyed before them, who were stronger in power than them, and (when Our Torment came) they ran for a refuge in the land! Could they find any place of refuge (for them to save themselves from » destruction)?
And that it is He (Allāh) Who » destroyed the former 'Ad (people),
And He » destroyed the overthrown cities [of Sodom to which Prophet Lout (Lot) was sent].
But they called their comrade and he took (a sword) and » killed (her).
Verily, We sent against them a violent storm of stones (which » destroyed them all), except the family of Lout (Lot), whom We saved in last hour of the night,
Are your disbelievers (O Quraish!) better than these [nations of Nūh (Noah), Lout (Lot), Sālih (Saleh), and the people of Fir'aun (Pharaoh), etc., who were » destroyed)? Or have you an immunity (against Our Torment) in the Divine Scriptures?
And indeed, We have » destroyed your likes, then is there any that will remember (or receive admonition)?
And what is the matter with you that you spend not in the Cause of Allāh? And to Allāh belongs the heritage of the heavens and the earth. Not equal among you are those who spent and » fought before the conquering (of Makkah) (with those among you who did so later). Such are higher in degree than those who spent and » fought afterwards. But to all, Allāh has promised the best (reward). And Allāh is All-Aware of what you do.
(The hypocrites) will call the believers: 'Were we not with you?' The believers will reply: 'Yes! But you led yourselves into temptations, you looked forward for our » destruction; you doubted (in Faith); and you were deceived by false desires, till the Command of Allāh came to pass. And the chief deceiver (Satan) deceived you in respect of Allāh.'
O you who believe! When you are told to make room in the assemblies, (spread out and) make room. Allāh will give you (ample) room (from His Mercy). And when you are told to rise up [for prayers, » Jihād (holy » fighting in Allāh's Cause), or for any other good deed], rise up. Allāh will exalt in degree those of you who believe, and those who have been granted knowledge. And Allāh is Well-Acquainted with what you do.
He it is Who drove out the disbelievers among the people of the Scripture (i.e. the Jews of the tribe of Banī An-Nadīr) from their homes at the first gathering. You did not think that they would get out. And they thought that their fortresses would defend them from Allāh! But Allāh's (Torment) reached them from a place whereof they expected it not, and He cast terror into their hearts, so that they » destroyed their own dwellings with their own hands and the hands of the believers. Then take admonition, O you with eyes (to see).
Have you (O Muhammad ) not observed the hypocrites who say to their friends among the people of the Scripture who disbelieve: '(By Allāh) If you are expelled, we (too) indeed will go out with you, and we shall never obey any one against you, and if you are » attacked (in » fight), we shall indeed help you.' But Allāh is Witness, that they verily, are liars.
Surely, if they (the Jews) are expelled, never will they (hypocrites) go out with them, and if they are » attacked, they will never help them. And if they do help them, they (hypocrites) will turn their backs, so they will not be victorious.
They » fight not against you even together, except in fortified townships, or from behind walls. Their enmity among themselves is very great. You would think they were united, but their hearts are divided, that is because they are a people who understand not.
Allāh does not forbid you to deal justly and kindly with those who » fought not against you on account of religion and did not drive you out of your homes. Verily, Allāh loves those who deal with equity.
It is only as regards those who » fought against you on account of religion, and have driven you out of your homes, and helped to drive you out, that Allāh forbids you to befriend them. And whosoever will befriend them, then such are the Zālimūn (wrong-doers those who disobey Allāh).
O Prophet! When believing women come to you to give you the Bai'ā (pledge), that they will not associate anything in worship with Allāh, that they will not steal, that they will not commit illegal sexual intercourse, that they will not » kill their children, that they will not utter slander, intentionally forging falsehood (i.e. by making illegal children belonging to their husbands), and that they will not disobey you in any Ma'rūf (Islāmic Monotheism and all that which Islām ordains) then accept their Bai'ā (pledge), and ask Allāh to forgive them, Verily, Allāh is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.
Verily, Allāh loves those who » fight in His Cause in rows (ranks) as if they were a solid structure .
That you believe in Allāh and His Messenger (Muhammad ), and that you strive hard and » fight in the Cause of Allāh with your wealth and your lives, that will be better for you, if you but know!
So it tasted the evil result of its disbelief, and the consequence of its disbelief was loss (» destruction in this life and an eternal punishment in the Hereafter).
Say (O Muhammad ): 'Tell me! If Allāh » destroys me, and those with me, or He bestows His Mercy on us, - who can save the disbelievers from a painful torment?'
As for Thamūd, they were » destroyed by the awful cry!
And as for 'Ad, they were » destroyed by a furious violent wind;
Which Allāh imposed on them for seven nights and eight days in succession, so that you could see men lying overthrown (» destroyed), as if they were hollow trunks of date-palms!
Because of their sins they were » drowned, then were made to enter the Fire, and they found none to help them instead of Allāh.
'My Lord! Forgive me, and my parents, and him who enters my home as a believer, and all the believing men and women. And to the Zālimūn (polytheists, wrong-doers, and disbelievers, etc.) grant You no increase but » destruction!'
Verily, your Lord knows that you do stand (to pray at night) a little less than two-thirds of the night, or half the night, or a third of the night, and so do a party of those with you, And Allāh measures the night and the day. He knows that you are unable to pray the whole night, so He has turned to you (in mercy). So, recite you of the Qur'ān as much as may be easy for you. He knows that there will be some among you sick, others travelling through the land, seeking of Allāh's Bounty; yet others » fighting in Allāh's Cause. So recite as much of the Qur'ān as may be easy (for you), and perform As-Salāt (Iqāmat-as-Salāt) and give Zakāt, and lend to Allāh a goodly loan, and whatever good you send before you for yourselves, (i.e. Nawāfil non-obligatory acts of worship: prayers, charity, fasting, Hajj and 'Umrah, etc.), you will certainly find it with Allāh, better and greater in reward. And seek Forgiveness of Allāh. Verily, Allāh is Oft-Forgiving, Most-Merciful.
Did We not » destroy the ancients?
For what sin she was » killed?
He will invoke (his) » destruction,
When the most wicked man among them went forth (to » kill the she-camel).
Then they denied him and they » killed it. So their Lord » destroyed them because of their sin, and made them equal in » destruction (i.e. all grades of people, rich and poor, strong and weak, etc.)!
And what will his wealth benefit him when he goes down (in » destruction).
Have you (O Muhammad ()) not seen how your Lord dealt with the Owners of the Elephant? [The elephant army which came from Yemen under the command of Abrahah Al-Ashram intending to » destroy the Ka'bah at Makkah].

Fequency of the words:
22 Jihād
18 battle
13 attack
64 fight
13 fought
101 kill
97 destroy
46 destruct
27 drown
5 smite